Websitesdeathwithdignity.org A general introduction to the various Christian denominations and their view on assisted death fourgates.com A general collection of books and resources to learn more about Death and Dying biomedcentral.com BMC Palliative Care is an open access journal publishing original peer-reviewed research articles in the clinical, scientific, ethical and policy issues, local and international, regarding all aspects of hospice and palliative care for the dying and for those with profound suffering related to chronic illness. staffspasttrack.org.uk Brief introduction to various faiths in the world and how they deal with the idea of death and dying deathreference.com What a "good death" means to different people of different backgrounds The Spiritual Care Education Program: A Project of Rigpa
Embracing Our Dying is a resource for Catholics facing end-of-life issues Issues in death and dying for Catholics Introduction to Catholic rituals for preparation of death A mega resource to other internet sites about death and dying, some pertaining to the Catholic faith Encyclopedia of Death and Dying for Catholicism Introduction to the Catholic approach to death and dying Living and Dying According to the Voice of Faith Archbishop outlines Catholic view on death, dying to ease confusion Catholic Health Association of the United States A resource for California Catholics Catholic Medical Association
Buddhist guide to death and dying Amithba Hospice Service Buddhist insight to death and dying Death and Dying in Buddhism by Ajahn Jagaro Karuna Hospice Services Commentary on Buddhism and perspective on death, some excepts from the book, The Tibetan Book of the Dead Death & Dying in Tibetan Buddhist Tradition, by Venerable Pende Hawter That Religious Studies Website on Buddhism and Death/Dying The Spiritual Needs of the Dying: A Buddhist Perspective Introduction to the Buddhist Scriptures By Nina van Gorkom, a section on death Encyclopedia on Death and Dying Traditions of a Buddhist funeral
Orthodox perspective on death and dying Jewish views on and practices regarding death The Rabbi and the Maid: Jewish Views on Dying with Dignity Jewish life cycle events Encyclopedia on Death and Dying What non-Jewish End-of-life Staff Workers should know about Judaism Liberal Jewish Values and Practice Leaflets on Death & Mourning Jewish burial society founded in Prescott Judaism, euthanasia and suicide Death and Mourning in Judaism Establishment of International Jewish Burial Society
A Contemporary Hindu by Shoba Narayan Hindu Rituals and Beliefs regarding death and dying Gurudeva's audio discourse on death and dying in the Hindu tradition "How I Sent My Father to Heaven" Proceedings of Hindu Death Ritual by Vikas Kamat "How to approach death" Gyan Rahjans, an article on Hindu traditions
Duke Center for Palliative Care Vitas Hospice Charitable Fund American Academy of Hospice and Palliative Medicine Center to Advance Palliative Care Growth House, an organization to improve care for the dying National Hospice and Palliative Care Organization American Hospice Foundation Promoting Excellence in End of Life Care Resources for people facing life-limiting illness, their families, and their professional caregivers Hospice Foundation of America Supportive Care Coalition Web site "The focus of our efforts is assisting Catholic health care organizations and their health care professionals to address the physical, emotional, psychosocial and spiritual needs of those suffering from life-threatening and/or chronic illness as well as those approaching the end of life."
Losing the Living: End of Life Care Resourcesapproaching, from Assisted Living Way
George Washington Institute for Spirituality and Health Duke Center for Spirituality and Theology and Health University of Minnesota's Center for Spirituality and Healing
Back to Top General Spirituality/Death and Dying Ahronheim, Judith C. and We, Doron, Final passages: Positive Choices For The Dying And Their Loved Ones, New York: Simon & Schuster, 1992. Berger, Arthur, Perspectives on Death and Dying: Cross-Cultural and Multi-Disciplinary Views, Philadelphia: Charles Press, 1989. Blackman, Sushila, Graceful Exits: How Great Beings Die: Death Stories of Tibetan, Hindu and Zen Masters, New York: Weatherhill, 1997. Dempsey, David K. The Way We Die: An Investigation Of Death And Dying In America Today, New York: Macmillan, 1975. DeSpelder, Lynne Ann and Strickland, Albert Lee, The Last Dance: Encountering Death and Dying, 7th Ed., McGraw-Hill Humanities/Social Sciences/Languages, 2004. DuBruck, Edelgard E., and Barbara I. Gusick, eds. Death and Dying in the Middle Ages. New York: Peter Lang, 1999. Fins, Joseph, A Palliative Ethic Of Care: Clinical Wisdom At Life's End, Sudbury, Mass.: Jones and Bartlett, 2006. Gilbert, Sandra M. Death's Door: Modern Dying and the Ways We Grieve, New York: W.W. Norton, 2006. Glaser, Barney G. and Strauss, Anselm, Awareness of Dying, Chicago: Aldine Pub. Co., 1965. Hayslip, Jr., Bert, Cynthia A. P., Cultural Changes in Attitudes Toward Death, Dying, and Bereavement, New York: Springer Pub. Co., 2005. Hill, T. Patrick, A Good Death: Taking More Control at the End of Your Life / Choice in Dying, Mass.: Addison-Wesley Pub. Co., 1992. Horan, Dennis J., Mall, David, Death, Dying, and Euthanasia, Frederick, Md.: Aletheia Books, University Publications of America, 1980. Houghton, Peter, On Death, Dying, and not Dying, London; Philadelphia: J. Kingsley, 2001. Inge, Dying, Death, and Bereavement: Theoretical Perspectives and Other Ways of Knowing, Boston: Jones and Bartlett Publishers, 1993. Jeffreys, J. Shep, Helping Grieving People When Tears Are Not Enough: a Handbook for Care Providers, New York: Brunner-Routledge, 2005. Kastenbaum, Robert. Death, Society, and Human Experience, 7th edition. Boston: Allyn & Bacon, 2001. Kubler-Ross, Elisabeth, On Death and Dying, Scribner Classics, 1997. Leming, Michael R. and Dickinson, George E., Understanding Dying, Death, and Bereavement, Wadsworth Publishing, 2006. Lester, David, Katie's Diary: Unlocking the Mystery of a Suicide, New York: Brunner-Routledge, 2004. McManners, John, Death and the Enlightenment: Changing Attitudes to Death in Eighteenth-Century France. New York: Oxford University Press, 1981. Munley, Anne, The Hospice Alternative: a New Context for Death and Dying, New York: Basic Books, 1983. Nouwen, Henri J.M., Our Greatest Gift: Meditation on Dying and Caring, New York: Harper Collins Publishers, 1995 Paxton, Frederick S. Christianizing Death. Ithaca, NY: Cornell University Press, 1990. Poss, Sylvia, Towards Death With Dignity: Caring For Dying People, London ; Boston: Allen & Unwin, 1981. Shane, Thomas W., When Life Meets Death: Stories of Death and Dying, Truth and Courage, New York: Haworth Press, 1998. Shannon, Thomas A., Death and Dying: a Reader, Lanham, Md.: Rowman & Littlefield Publishers, 2004. Sherr, Lorraine, Death, Dying and Bereavement: an Insight for Careers, London: Blackwell Scientific, 1989. Veatch, Robert M., Death, Dying, and the Biological Revolution: Our Last Quest For Responsibility, New Haven: Yale University Press, 1976. Wedding, Danny, Stuber, Margaret L., Behavior and Medicine, Toronto: Hogrefe & Huber Publishers, 2006. Weinberger-Thomas, Catherine. Ashes of Immortality. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1999. Wyschogrod, Edith., The Phenomenon of Death: Faces of Mortality. New York, Harper & Row, 1973. Cox, Gerry R., Bendiksen, Robert A., and Stevenson, Robert G., Making Sense of Death: Spiritual, Pastoral, and Personal Aspects of Death, Dying, and Bereavement (Death, Value and Meaning) Baywood Publishing Company, 2003. Singh, Kathleen D., The Grace in Dying : How We Are Transformed Spiritually as We Die Catholic Perspectives Christie, Dolores L., Last Rights: A Catholic Perspective on End-Of-Life Decisions, Lanham: Rowman & Littlefield, 2003. Kogan, Barry S., editor, A Time to be Born and a Time to Die : the Ethics of Choice, Hawthorne, N.Y. : Aldine De Gruyter, c1991. McCormick, Richard A, Health and Medicine in the Catholic Tradition: Tradition in Transition, New York : Crossroad, 1984. McNamara, Beverley, Fragile Lives: Death, Dying and Care, Crows Nest, N.S.W.: Allen & Unwin, 2001. Wilde, Kevin, Birth, Suffering, and Death: Catholic Perspectives at the Edges of Life, Boston : Kluwer Academic Publishers, c1992. Buddhism/Tibetan Perspectives Fremantle, Francesca, and Chögyam Trungpa, trans. The Tibetan Book of the Dead: The Great Liberation through Hearing in the Bardo. Berkeley, CA: Shambhala, 1975. Hoffman, Yoel, comp. Japanese Death Poems. Rutland, VT: C. E. Tuttle Col, 1986. Kapleau, Philip, The Wheel of Life and Death, Doubleday, New York, 1989. Kapleau, Philip, and Paterson Simons, eds. The Wheel of Death: A Collection of Writings from Zen Buddhist and Other Sources on Death, Rebirth, Dying. New York: Harper & Row, 1971. Langer, Rita, Buddhist Rituals of Death and Rebirth Contemporary Sri Lankan Practice and Its Origins, Routledge, 1997. Lauf, Detlef Ingo. Secret Doctrines of the Tibetan Books of the Dead, translated by Graham Parkes. Boston: Shambhala, 1977. Levine, Stephen, Healing Into Life and Death, Anchor Press/Doubleday, New York, 1987. Levine, Stephen, Who Dies, Anchor Press/Doubleday, New York, 1982. Mackenzie, Vicki, Reborn in the West: The Reincarnation Masters, Bloomsbury, London, 1995. Mackenzie, Vicki, Reincarnation: The Boy Lama, Bloomsbury, London, 1988. Mullin, Glenn H., Death and Dying: The Tibetan Tradition, Arkana, London, 1986. Rinbochay, Lati and Jeffrey Hopkins Death, Intermediate State and Rebirth in Tibetan Buddhism, Rider & Co, London, 1979. Sambhava, Padma, comp. The Tibetan Book of the Dead, translated by Robert A. F. Thurman. London: Aquarian/Thorsons, 1994. Shcherbatskoi, Fedor Ippolitovich. The Conception of Buddhist Nirvana. The Hague: Mouton, 1965. Sogyal Rinpoche, The Tibetan Book of Living and Dying, Rider, London, 1992. Suzuki, Daisetz Teitaro. The Essentials of Zen Buddhism: An Anthology of the Writings of Daisetz T. Suzuki, edited by Bernard Phillips. London: Rider, 1963. Suzuki, Daisetz Teitaro. Zen and Japanese Culture. New York: Pantheon Books, 1959. Jewish Traditions in Death/Dying Baumgarten, Albert I., Jan Assmann, and Gedaliahu G. Stroumsa, eds. Self, Soul, and Body in Religious Experience. Leiden, Netherlands: Brill, 1998. Collins John J., and Michael Fishbane, eds. Death, Ecstasy, and Other Worldly Journeys. Albany: State University of New York Press, 1995. Goldberg, Sylvie Anne. Crossing the Jabbok: Illness and Death in Ashkenazi Judaism in Sixteenth-through Nineteenth-Century Prague, translated by Carol Cosman. Berkeley: University of California Press, 1996. Isaacs, Ronald H., Every Person's Guide to Death and Dying in the Jewish Tradition, Jason Aronson Publishers, 1999. Kraemer, David, The Meanings of Death in Rabbinic Judaism, Kindle, 2007. Lamm, Maurice, The Jewish Way in Death and Mourning, Jonathan David Publishers, 2000. Nuland, Sherwin B., Riemer, Jack, Jewish Insights on Death and Mourning, Syracuse University Press, May 2002. Riemer, Jack, Wrestling with the Angel: Jewish Insights on Death and Mourning, Schocken, 1995. Scholem, Gershom. Major Trends in Jewish Mysticism. New York: Schocken Books, 1961. Shapiro, Rami M., Open Hands; A Jewish Guide on Dying, Death and Bereavement, Medic Publishing, 1991. Solomon, Lewis D, The Jewish Tradition and Choices at the End of Life: A New Judaic Approach to Illness and Dying, University Press of America, 2001. Urbach, Ephraim E. The Sages, Their Concepts and Beliefs and Practices, translated by Israel Abrahams. Jerusalem: Magnes Press, 1975. Hinduism and Death/Dying Borman, William. "Upanishadic Eschatology: The Other Side of Death." In Arthur Berger, Paul Badham, Austin Kutscher, Joyce Berger, Michael Perry, and John Beloff eds., Death and Dying: Cross-Cultural and Multi-Disciplinary Views. Philadelphia: The Charles Press, 1989. Easwaran, Eknath. Dialogue with Death. Petaluma, CA: Nilgiri Press, 1981. Firth, Shirley, Dying, death and bereavement in a British Hindu community, Leuven: Peeters, 1997. Holck, F. H. "The Vedre Period." In Frederick H. Holck ed., Death and Eastern Thought. New York: Abington Press, 1974. Hopkins, Thomas. "Hindu Views of Death and Afterlife." In Hiroshi Obayashi ed., Death and Afterlife: Perspectives of World Religions. New York: Praeger Press, 1992. Jarow, Rick. Tales for the dying : the death narrative of the Bhăgavata Purăna, Albany: State University of New York Press, 2003. Justice, Christopher, Dying the good death : the pilgrimage to die in India's Holy City, Albany: State University of New York Press, 1997. Knipe, David. "Sapindikarana: The Hindu Rate of Entry into Heaven." In Frank Reynolds and Earle Waugh eds., Religious Encounters with Death. University Park: Penn State University Press, 1977. Koller, John. The Indian Way. New York: Macmillan, 1982. Kramer, Kenneth. "Hindu Attitudes toward Death." The Sacred Art of Dying: How World Religions Understand Death. Mahwah, NJ: Paulist Press, 1988. Long, J. Bruce. "Death as a Necessity and a Gift in Hindu Mythology." In Frank Reynolds and Earle Waugh eds., Religious Encounters with Death. University Park: Penn State University Press, 1977. Pandey, Alok, Dr., Death, Dying, and Beyond, Pondicherry Publishers, 2006. Pearson, Anne M. "Hinduism." In Christopher Jay Johnson and Marsha G. McGee eds., How Different Religions View Death and Afterlife, 2nd edition. Philadelphia: The Charles Press, 1998. Prashad, Jamuna. "The Hindu Concept of Death." In Arthur Berger, Paul Badham, Austin Kutscher, Joyce Berger, Michael Perry, and John Beloff eds., Death and Dying: Cross-Cultural and Multi-Disciplinary Views. Philadelphia: The Charles Press, 1989. Sundararajan, K. R. "The Orthodox Philosophical Systems." In Frederick H. Holck ed., Death and Eastern Thought. New York: Abington Press, 1974. Zaehner, R. C. Hindu Scriptures. New York: E. P. Dutton and Co., 1966.
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Catholicism (1989). "Continuing or discontinuing treatment: ethical criteria." Origins 19(17): 279-86. (1989). "Holy living and holy dying." Origins 19(15): 241, 243-248. (1993). "Care of the dying: a Catholic perspective. Part IV: Theological, moral, and pastoral response--the transformation of suffering. Catholic Health Association." Health Prog 74(5): 46-54. (1993). "Pain management. Theological and ethical principles governing the use of pain relief for dying patients. Task Force on Pain Management, Catholic Health Association." Health Prog 74(1): 30-9, 65. (1993). "Pastoral reflections: euthanasia, assisted suicide." Origins 23(21): 373-8. (1993). "The United States Bishops' Committee statement on nutrition and hydration." (1994). "What is euthanasia and what is not." Origins 24(23): 393-6. (1996). "Moral principles concerning infants with anencephaly." Origins 26(17): 276. (1997). "CHA amicus curiae brief on physician-assisted suicide. Catholic Health Association." Health Prog 78(3): 35-43, 47. (1997). "Some religious views on the right to die." Washington Post: B6. (1999). "Nutrition and hydration: moral and pastoral reflections. National Conference of Catholic Bishops Committee for Pro-life Activities." J Contemp Health Law Policy 15(2): 455-77. (2004). "Reflections on artificial nutrition and hydration: colloquium of the Canadian Catholic Bioethics Institute (CCBI)." Natl Cathol Bioeth Q 4(4): 773-82. Barry, R. (1985). "The ethics of providing life-sustaining nutrition and fluids to incompetent patients." J Fam Cult 1(2): 23-37. Barry, R. (1995). "The development of the Roman Catholic teachings on suicide." Notre Dame J Law Ethics Public Policy 9(2): 449-501. Bartmann, P. (2003). "Physician-assisted suicide and euthanasia: German Protestantism, conscience, and the limits of purely ethical reflection." Christ Bioeth 9(2-3): 203-25. Bayer, E. J. (1988). "Intubation of the irreversibly comatose: a response to Robert Barry, O.P." Linacre Q 55(1): 77-82. Bayley, C. and V. Michel (1985). "Ethical and legal issues in the treatment of incompetent religious." Health Prog 66(10): 18-21, 58. Berger, J. (1987). "Pope warns health workers on straying." NY Times (Print): A18-9. Bernardin, J. and Cardinal (1986). "The consistent ethic of life." Health Prog 67(6): 48-51. Bleich, J. D. (1976). "Ethico-halakhic considerations in the practice of medicine." Dyny Ysrl 7: 87-135. Bohlen, C. (1995). "Pope offers 'gospel of life' vs. 'culture of death'." NY Times (Print): A1, A12-13. Bole, T. J. (1990). "Intensive care units (ICUs), and ordinary means: turning virtue into vice." Linacre Q 57(1): 68-77. Bole, T. J. (2000). "The person in secular and in Orthodox-Catholic bioethics." Christ Bioeth 6(1): 85-112. Bole, T. J., 3rd (1990). "The ordinary-extraordinary distinction reconsidered: a moral context for the proper calculus of benefits and burdens." HEC Forum 2(4): 219-32. Boozang, K. M. (1995). "Deciding the fate of religious hospitals in the emerging health care market." Houst Law Rev 31: 1429-516. Bradley, G. V. (1993). "Life's Dominion: a review essay." Notre Dame Law Rev 69(2): 329-91. Bresnahan, J. F. (1991). "Catholic spirituality and medical interventions in dying." America (NY) 164(14): 670-5. Bresnahan, J. F. (1995). "Observations on the rejection of physician-assisted suicide: a Roman Catholic perspective." Christ Bioeth 1(3): 256-84. Bresnahan, J. F. (1995). "The Catholic art of dying." America (NY) 173(14): 12-6. Camb Q Healthc Ethics 2(3): 341-2; discussion 342-52. Cataldo, P. J. (2004). "Pope John Paul II on nutrition and hydration: a change of Catholic teaching?" Natl Cathol Bioeth Q 4(3): 513-36. Clark, P. (2006). "Tube feedings and persistent vegetative state patients: ordinary or extraordinary means?" Christ Bioeth 12(1): 43-64. Daly, D. J. (2007). "Prudence and the debate on death and dying. In the Catholic theological tradition, temporal life is not the highest good." Health Prog 88(5): 49-54. Doerflinger, R. M. (1995). "The Good Samaritan and the "Good Death": Catholic reflections on euthanasia." Issues Law Med 11(2): 149-58. Doerflinger, R. M. (2004). "John Paul II on the "vegetative state"." Ethics Medics 29(6): 2-4. Drane, J. F. (2006). "Stopping nutrition and hydration technologies: a conflict between traditional Catholic ethics and church authority." Christ Bioeth 12(1): 11-28. Eberl, J. T. (2003). "Aquinas on euthanasia, suffering, and palliative care." Natl Cathol Evans, M. (2007). "Vatican clarifies position. Most patients in vegetative state should still be fed." Mod Healthc 37(37): 4. Freer, J. and S. Wear (2002). "Culture wars in New York state: ongoing political resistance by religious groups to the Family Health Care Decisions Act." Christ Bioeth 8(1): 9-24. Garcia, J. L. (2006). "A Catholic perspective on the ethics of artificially providing food and water." Linacre Q 73(2): 132-52. Hamel, R. (1998). "A better approach to care of the dying. Catholic healthcare and the Catholic community can present an alternative to physician-assisted suicide." Health Prog 79(5): 54-9. Healy, J. (2001). "Physicians ought not kill." Linacre Q 68(1): 4-17. Iltis, A. S. (2006). "On the impermissibility of euthanasia in Catholic healthcare organizations." Christ Bioeth 12(3): 281-90. Jans, J. (2002). "Christian churches and euthanasia in the Low Countries: background, argumentation and commentary." Ethical Perspect 9(2-3): 119-33. John Paul, I. P. (2004). "Papal address on food and water." Ethics Medics 29(6): 1-2. Kavanaugh, J. F. (2004). "Artificial feeding--'The Pope's argument rests on human rights. Why can't we see that?'" America (NY) 190(20): 7. May, A. T. (2003). "Physician-assisted suicide, euthanasia, and Christian bioethics: moral controversy in Germany." Christ Bioeth 9(2-3): 273-83. Muhrel, E. (2003). "Do humans own themselves ? Questions concerning their self-determination and free disposition of self." Christ Bioeth 9(2-3): 303-14. Narbekovas, A. and K. Meilius (2003). "Letting die and mercy killing." Med Etika Bioet 10(3-4): 2-7. Nelson, L. J. (2004). "Catholic bioethics and the case of Terri Schiavo." Cumberland Law Rev 35(3): 543-74. O'Brien, D., J. P. Slosar, et al. (2004). "Utilitarian pessimism, human dignity, and the vegetative state: a practical analysis of the papal allocution." Natl Cathol Bioeth Q 4(3): 497-512. O'Rourke, K. D. (2005). "The Catholic tradition on forgoing life support." Natl Cathol Bioeth Q 5(3): 537-53. O'Rourke, K. (1992). "Pain relief: the perspective of Catholic tradition." J Pain Symptom Manage 7(8): 485-91. Panicola, M. (2001). "Catholic teaching on prolonging life: setting the record straight." Hastings Cent Rep 31(6): 14-25. Panicola, M. R. (2001). "Withdrawing nutrition and hydration. The Catholic tradition offers guidance for the treatment of patients in a persistent vegetative state." Health Prog 82(6): 28-33. Pope John, P., II (2004). "Life-sustaining treatments and vegetative state: scientific advances and ethical dilemmas." Issues Law Med 20(2): 167-70. Rodriguez, E. (2003). "The arguments for euthanasia and physician-assisted suicide: Catholic response." Linacre Q 70(1): 60-73. Scanlon, C. (2003). "Ethical concerns in end-of-life care." Am J Nurs 103(1): 48-55; quiz 56. Schmidt, K. W. (2001). "The patient's progress from this world to that which is to come: commentary on the Consensus Statement of the Working Group on Roman Catholic Approaches to Determining Critical Care." Christ Bioeth 7(2): 211-25. Seitz, M. J. (2004). "The role of the priest in bioethical decision making." Natl Cathol Bioeth Q 4(4): 681-9. Sullivan, S. M. (2007). "The development and nature of the ordinary/extraordinary means distinction in the Roman Catholic tradition." Bioethics 21(7): 386-97. Tan, S. Y., B. Chun, et al. (2003). "Creating a medical futility policy. Physicians at a Honolulu hospital describe the experience." Health Prog 84(4): 14-20. Ulrich, L. P. (2001). "A reaction to the Consensus Statement of the Working Group on Roman Catholic Approaches to Determining Appropriate Critical Care." Christ Bioeth 7(2): 243-7. Valko, N. G. (2002). "Should sedation be terminal?" Natl Cathol Bioeth Q 2(4): 601-8. Velez, G. J. (2005). "Death of John Paul II and the basic human care for the sick and the dying." Ethics Med 21(3): 167-77. Ventura-Junca, P. (2001). "A commentary on the Consensus Statement of the Working Group on Roman Catholic Approaches to Determining Appropriate Critical Care." Christ Bioeth 7(2): 271-89. Welie, J. V. (2005). "When medical treatment is no longer in order: toward a new interpretation of the ordinary-extraordinary distinction." Natl Cathol Bioeth Q 5(3): 517-36. Zoloth, L. (2001). "Limiting access to medical treatment in an age of medical progress: developing a Catholic consensus: a response from Jewish tradition." Christ Bioeth 7(2): 193-201. Rodriguez, E. (2003). "The arguments for euthanasia and physician-assisted suicide: Catholic response." Linacre Q 70(1): 60-73. Schotsmans, P. T. (2003). "Relational responsibility, and not only stewardship, a Roman Catholic view on voluntary euthanasia for dying and non-dying patients." Christ Bioeth 9(2-3): 285-98. Shannon, T. A. (2006). "Nutrition and hydration: an analysis of the recent papal statement in the light of the Roman Catholic bioethical tradition." Christ Bioeth 12(1): 29-41. Walter, J. J. (2002). "Terminal sedation: a Catholic perspective." Update 18(2): 6-8, 12.
Judaism Bardfeld, P. A. (1976). "Jewish medical ethics." Reconstructionist 42(6): 7-12. Sinclair, D. B. (1992). "The interaction between law and morality in Jewish law in the areas of feticide and killing a terminally ill individual." Crim Justice Ethics 11(2): 76-84.
Hinduism Bilimoria, P. (1992). "The Jaina ethic of voluntary death: a report from India." Bioethics 6(4): 331-55. Joshi, S. R. (2005). "Whose life is it, anyway? The evolving face of euthanasia." J Assoc Physicians India 53: 279-81.
Islam Ilkilic, I. (2007). "[Medical ethical aspects of culture in social interactions with Muslim patients]." Dtsch Med Wochenschr 132(30): 1587-90. Iyilikci, L., S. Erbayraktar, et al. (2004). "Practices of anaesthesiologists with regard to withholding and withdrawal of life support from the critically ill in Turkey." Acta Anaesthesiol Scand 48(4): 457-62.
Buddhism Stonington, S. and P. Ratanakul (2006). "Is there a global bioethics? End-of-life in Thailand and the case for local difference." PLoS Med 3(10): e439.
Jewish and Death and Dying Gershan, J. A. (1985). "Judaic ethical beliefs and customs regarding death and dying." Crit Care Nurse 5(1): 32-4. Rosner, F. (1986). "Jewish perspectives on issues of death and dying." J Halacha Contemporary Society No.11: 50-69. Ross, H. M. (1998). "Jewish tradition in death and dying." Medsurg Nurs 7(5): 275-9. Sangerman, J. J. (1993). "The Jewish perspective on death and dying: a multifaceted response." Pride Inst J Long Term Home Health Care 12(2): 23-5. Werber, S. J. (1996). "Ancient answers to modern questions: death, dying, and organ transplants--a Jewish law perspective." J Law Health 11(1-2): 13-44.
Hinduism and Death and Dying Agarwal, R. (2005). "Palliative care--Hinduism." Dolentium Hominum 20(1): 91-3.
Islam and Death and Dying Sarhill, N., S. LeGrand, et al. (2001). "The terminally ill Muslim: death and dying from the Muslim perspective." Am J Hosp Palliat Care 18(4): 251-5. Sheikh, A. (1998). "Death and dying--a Muslim perspective." J R Soc Med 91(3): 138-40.
Buddhism and Death and Dying Hughes, James J., and Damien Keown. "Buddhism and Medical Ethics: A Bibliographic Introduction." Journal of Buddhist Ethics 2 (1995).
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